Tag Archives: Tagalog riddles

Mga Bugtong (Philippine Riddles)

One night, my brother texted and was asking for some examples of riddles because his son needed them as a homework. Fortunately, I have a collection of children’s literature so I was able to help. I hated texting but I didn’t have a choice so I had to be patient.

I’m sharing this content so parents, students or teachers can easily access them anytime. Some of the examples are available in other blogs or website so I have also included my sources. The answers appear first before the question and are categorized and alphabetically arranged for your convenience.

Discussions:

Bugtong is a Tagalog riddle (palaisipan) that showcases the Pilipino wit, literary talent, and keen observation of surroundings. It involves references to one or two images that symbolize the characteristics of a unknown object that is to be guessed. Bugtungan is the playing of bugtong.

Bugtong Tagalog started generations ago and has passed from one generation to another. New ones are being created with the passage of time but to be considered a true Filipino bugtong the riddle should meet all the elements of a Tagalog bugtong . These elements are:

* A Pilipino bugtong, or Tagalog riddle, is a short, one-liner, statement.

* The statement is consist of two phrases. Each phrase refers to an image, or characteristic of an image, that symbolizes another object that is to be identified.

* The two phrases end in words that rhyme.

* The object to be identified must relate to our daily lives, personal experience, and observation of common things around us.

Let us study some examples:

Example 1: Balong  malalim, puno ng patalim

In this example the first phrase is: balong malalim (deep well). The second phrase is: puno ng patalim (full of knives.) These phrases are distinct of each other. Both phrases end in words that rhymes:
malalim and patalim.

Although it literally refers to a deep well full of knives, the bugtong uses this symbolism to refer to a different object and challenges us to use our wit and imagination to identify that object as it relates to our daily lives, personal experience, and observations. The word balong (or balon) symbolizes cavity and patalim symbolizes a sharp cutting object.  In other words the riddle is referring to a cavity filled with cutting objects. The answer is mouth.

Example 2: Mataas kung nakaupo, mababa kung nakatayo

In this example the first phrase is: mataas kung nakaupo (tall when seated.) The second phrase is: mababa kung nakatayo (short when standing up.) Both phrases end in words that rhymes: nakaupo and nakatayo.

Think of something that is tall when seated but short when standing up. The answer is dog. One can think of other animals, cat for example, as an answer that also fits the description but the best answer is the one most people will usually relate to in their daily lives. This is what makes bugtong, or bugtungan, an inherently Pilipino riddle.

Example 3: Nagtago si Pedro, nakalabas ang ulo.

In this example the first phrase is: nagtago si Pedro (Pedro hides.) The second phrase is: nakalabas ang ulo (his head is exposed.) Both phrases end in words that rhyme: Pedro and ulo. The bugtong uses a masculine name to symbolize physical strength. The name Pedro, being a very common name, represents just about anything and it also rhymes with ulo. The bugtong uses the symbolism to refer to a common object that is strong and if hidden out of sight would still have its head exposed. The answer is pako, or nail.

More examples… http://www.katig.com/bugtong_02.html
Source: http://www.katig.com/bugtong_01.html

Riddles are expression in rhymes using one or two images that refer to a particular thing or object that has to be guess. Riddles are used for entertainment, mental exercises and amusement. It is used by Filipinos to pass away time and to show their wit . . . it is entertaining and fun.

Filipino riddles deal largely with animals, plants and objects of local character. Filipino riddles have been passed from one generation to another and their origins have never been trace, a lot of new riddles have also been created by the younger generation. Let’s try if you can answer some of the riddles below.

Source: http://pinoyelibrary.blogspot.com/2007_03_01_archive.html
* * *

Sa salitang Filipino…

Ang bugtong ay isang palaisipan na kakaraniwang maikling patanong, paglalarawan o paghahalintulad sa tao, hayop, lugar o kahit anong bagay.

Ang susunod na halimbawa ay paborito ko :)) :

Bahay ni Goring-goring
Butas-butas ang dingding.
Sagot: Kulambo

“Ang Bugtong ay isang pangungusap o tanong na kadalasang nilalaro ng mga batang pinoy, at ng mga nakakatanda. It ay may doble o nakatagong kahulugan na nilulutas bilang isang palaisipan. Ang bugtong ay gumagamit ng talinghaga, o mga metapora sa pagsasalarawan isang partikular na bagay o mga bagay na hulaan. Madalas itong nangangailangan ng katalinuhan at maingat ng pagninilay-nilay para mahulaan ang palaisipan o tanong.” – Mga Bugtong Pinoy

Mga Halimbawa:

Prutas / Gulay / Halaman / Pananim / Puno–

Atis: Ate mo, ate ko, ate ng lahat ng tao.

Bayabas: Hindi prinsesa, hindi reyna. Bakit may korona.

Duhat: Kumpul-kumpol na uling, hayon at bibitin-bitin.

Kalabasa: Ang ina ay gumagapang pa, ang anak ay umuupo na.

Kasoy: Isang prinsesa, nakaupo sa tasa.

Kawayan: bahay ni Kaka, hindi matingala

Niyog: May langit, may lupa, May tubig, walang isda.

Pinya: Isang prinsesang maganda, punong-puno ng mata.

Saging: Nanganak ang birhen, itinapon ang lampin.

Suha: Nagsaing si Judas, kinuha ang hugas, itinapon ang bigas.

 

Hayop / Isda / Insekto–

Aso: Mataas kung nakaupo, mababa kung nakatayo.

Kalabaw: Dalawang patukod-langit, Apat na patukod-lupa, Dalawang pagaspas, Isang pamaspas.

Langgam: Maliit pa si Kumpare, nakakaakyat na sa tore.

Manok:  Aling itlog ang may buntot?

Palaka: Nang maliit ay sumisisid pa, nang lumaki ay patalon-talon na.

Paniki: Sa araw ay nahihimbing, sa gabi ay gising.

Pusa: Matanda na ang nuno, ‘di pa naliligo.

Tulya o Tahong: Kinain ko ang isa, itinapon ko ang dalawa

Tutubi:  Alin kayang insekto, malaki ang mata kaysa ulo?

 

Bagay–

Alkansiya: Ang alaga kong hugis bilog, barya-barya ang laman-loob.

Anino: Ako ay may kaibigan, kasama ko kahit saan.

Anino: Kasama ko siya, kasunod ko siya, saan man ako mapunta.

Anino: Maikling landasin, di maubos lakarin.

Bahaghari: Palda ni Santa Maria. Ang kulay ay iba-iba.

Bakya: Dala ni Neneng, dala si Neneng, kasama niya saan man magpunta.

Bangka: Wala sa langit, wala sa lupa, kung tumakbo ay patihaya.

Banig: Sa araw ay bungbong, sa gabi ay dahon.

Bituin: Sa liwanag ay hindi mo makita. Sa dilim ay maliwanag sila.

Buwan: Kaisa-isang plato, kita sa buong Mundo.

Hangin: Hayan na! Hayan na! Di mo pa makita.

Hikaw: Binili ko nang mahal, isinabit ko lamang.

Ilaw: Isang butil na palay, sakop ang buong bahay.

Kalendaryo: Bawat dahong itinatapon ay lumilipas na panahon.

Kalendaryo: Mayrong araw, mayrong buwan hindi naman langit, mayrong katapusan ngunit muling nagbabalik. Tumatanda ngunit isang taong gulang lagi, wakas niya ay ipinagbubunyi.

Kamay: Limang magkakapatid, laging kabit-kabit.

Kampana: Hinila ko ang baging, nag-iingay ang matsing.

Kandila: Lumuluha walang mata, lumalakad walang paa.

Kandila: May katawan, walang mukha. Walang mata’s lumuluha.

Kidlat: Apoy na iginuhit, isinulat sa langit.

Libro o Aklat: Isang bahay ng mayaman, napasok ng magnanakaw, nakuha ang kayamanan walang nakibo sa lagayan.

Orasan: May kamay, walang paa. May mukha, walang mata.

Pag-iisip: Walang pintong pinasukan, nakapasok sa kalooban. (It didn’t need an open door, but it entered into the soul).

Pako: Nagtago si Pedro, labas ang ulo.

Pluma at papel: Lumalakad ay umiiyak, sa patay ay nakikipag-usap.

Sampayan: Hindi pari, hindi hari, nagdadamit ng sari-sari.

Sandok: May puno walang bunga, may dahon walang sanga.

Sapatos: Dala mo dala ka, dala ka ng iyong dala.

Saranggola: Mahaba ang bituka at itoy lumilipad. Kapag hindi mahangin ito ay tinatamad.

Silya: Hindi tao, hindi hayop, apat ang paa

Sinturon: Hindi hayop, hindi tao, pumupulupot sa tiyan mo.

Sulat: Isang panyong parisukat, kung buksa’y nakakausap.

Trompo: Umiikot ang ulo ni Lolo. Nahihilo siya.

Tsinelas: May dila nga ngunit ayaw namang magsalita, kambal silat laging kasama ang isat isa, itali o igapos kahit higpitan mo pa, tiyak silang sa iyo ay sasama.

Tubig: Ito ay napagsasalaminan, huwag lang kayong maggagalawan.

Yelo: Sa tingin mo ay mainit, ummuusok sa paligid. Pero hipuin at malamig.

 

Pagkain–

Dinuguan: Mga kaloobang pinaghalu-halo, na niluto sa init ng pagkakasundo.

Sorbetes o ice cream: Kinalantog ko ang kampana, nagsilapitan ang mga isda.

Turon: Pritong saging sa kalan, lumutong pagkat dinamitan.

 

more to follow…