Talambuhay ni Dr. Jose Rizal

In full, JOSÉ PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONSO REALONDA (born 19 June 1861, Calamba, Philippines- died 30 December 1896, Manila, Philippines), patriot, physician and man of letters whose life and literary works were an inspiration to the Philippine nationalist movement. Rizal was the son of a prosperous landowner and sugar planter of Chinese-Filipino descent on the island of Luzon. His mother, Teodora Alonso, one of the most highly educated women in the Philippines at that time, exerted a powerful influence on his intellectual development.

He was educated at the Ateneo de Manila and the University of Santo Tomas in Manila. In 1882, he went to study medicine and liberal arts at the University of Madrid. A brilliant student, he soon became the leader of the small community of Filipino students in Spain and committed himself to the reform of Spanish rule in his home country, though he never advocated Philippine independence. The chief enemy of reform, in his eyes, was not Spain, which was going through a profound revolution, but the Franciscan, Augustinian and Dominican friars who held the country in political and economic paralysis.

Rizal continued his medical studies in Paris and Heidelberg. In 1886, he published his first novel in Spanish, Noli Me Tangere, a passionate exposure of the evils of the friars rule, comparable in its effect to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. A sequel, El Filibusterismo, 1891, established his reputation as the leading spokesman of the Philippine reform movement. He annotated an edition in 1890 on Antonio Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas, which showed that the native people of the Philippines had a long history before the coming of the Spaniards.

He became the leader of the Propaganda Movement, contributing numerous articles to its newspaper, La Solidaridad, published in Barcelona. Rizal’s political program, as expressed in the newspaper, included integration of the Philippines as a province of Spain, representation in the Cortes (the Spanish parliament), the replacement of the Spanish friars by the Filipino priests, freedom of assembly and expression, and equality of Filipinos and Spaniards before the law.

Against the advice of his parents and friends, Rizal returned to the Philippines in 1892. He found a nonviolent reform society, La Liga Filipina, in Manila, and was deported to Dapitan, in northwest Mindanao, an island south of the Philippines. He remained in exile for four years, doing scientific research and founding a school and hospital. In 1896, the Katipunan, a nationalist secret society, launched a revolt against Spain. Although he had no connections with that organization or any part in the insurrection, Rizal was arrested and tried for sedition by the military. Found guilty, he wa publicly executed by a firing squad in Manila. His martyrdom convinced Filipinos that there was no alternative to independence from Spain. On the eve of his execution, while confined in Fort Santiago, Rizal wrote Mi Ultimo Adios (“My Last Farewell”), a masterpiece of 19th-century Spanish verse.

Text provided by the Philippine Embassy in Vienna

http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Talambuhay_ni_Dr._Jose_Rizal

 

 

Tagalog versions:

Talambuhay ni Jose Rizal ni Jose N. Sevilla y Tolentino (early 1920s)

Buhay at Mg̃a Ginawâ ni Dr. José Rizal na Sinulat ni Pascual H. Poblete

 

 

 

About these ads

11 responses to “Talambuhay ni Dr. Jose Rizal

  1. panget kasi ipapasa ko sa filipino subject namin bawal english atsaka filipino tayo kailangan natin gamitin ang wikang filipino

  2. oo nga ang pangit sobra nakakabusit

  3. SANA BUHAY PA ANG MGA BAYANI

  4. HINDI NAMAN GUSTO NYO EDI GUMAWA KAYO

  5. BAKIT NAMAN

  6. jenalyn po to

  7. Dapat Tagalog kasi Tagalog ang nirere search namin eh…..

  8. Thank you for some other magnificent

    post. Where else could anyone get that kind of information

    in such an ideal means of writing? I’ve a presentation next

    week, and I am on the search for such info.

  9. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought
    this post was good. I don’t know who you are

    but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already ;) Cheers!

  10. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog

    and check again here regularly. I’m quite sure I’ll learn lots of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s